|Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait|
Geography:strategic location on Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Arabian Gulf
Population: 29,671,605 (July 2010 est.).
Area: total: 437,072 sq km, land: 432,162 sq km, water: 4,910 sq km.
Industries: petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials,food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing.
Languages: Arabic, Kurdish (official in Kurdish regions), Turkoman (a Turkish dialect), Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic), Armenian.
National Holiday: Republic Day, July 14 (1958); note - the Government of Iraq has yet to declare an official national holiday but still observes Republic Day.
Currency (Code): New Iraqi dinar (NID) as of 22 January 2004.
Labor force: 8.5 million (2008 est.).