|Location: Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Israel and Syria. Geography: Nahr el Litani is the only major river in Near East not crossing an international boundary; rugged terrain historically helped isolate, protect, and develop numerous factional groups based on religion, clan, and ethnicity.|
Area: total: 10,400 sq km, land: 10,230 sq km, water: 170 sq km.
Industries: banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating.
Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian.
National Holiday: Independence Day, 22 November (1943).
Population: 4,125,247 (July 2010 est.).
Labor force: 1.481 million In addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2007 est.)