Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Economy Aviation sector
Saudi ArabiaLocation: Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf and the Red Sea, north of Yemen.

Geography: extensive coastlines on Arabian Gulf and Red Sea provide great leverage on shipping (especially crude oil) through Arabian Gulf and Suez Canal.

Area: total: 2,149,690 sq km, Land: 2,149,690 sq km, Water: 0 sq km.
Capital: Riyadh.

Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction.
Languages: Arabic.
National Holiday: Unification of the Kingdom, 23 September (1932).
Currency (Code): Saudi riyal (SAR)

Population: 25,731,776 note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.).

Labor force:  7.337 million note: about 80% of the labor force is non-national (2010 est.)

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